Fire Prevention Week October 7-13, 2018
Please remember to follow the steps below and everyone working together can save countless amounts of lives
Every year, thousands of people die in fires because they ignore safe practices.
Please remember, taking steps to prevent a fire saves a life. Life is precious and we only have one chance at it.
Below are a list of safety practices to help prevent a fire or if a fire is started, how to get to safety:
1. Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Detectors
It is recommended to have smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors placed near all bedrooms, hallways, and each level of the house.
Smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors should be tested on a monthly basis. Battery powered detectors should have a battery replacement every 6 months.
We encourage people to change their batteries out with the change of clocks in October and April.
2. Escape Plan
Develop an escape plan and review with with everyone in your household or business. Practice the plan at least once a month and everyone should gather at the designated rendezvous or meeting spot.
During the practice, everyone should stay low as if there is smoke in the house. During a fire, there is a lot of smoke and smoke will rise to the ceiling.
Staying low will help you breathe easier until you reach outside.
In case of a real fire, once outside, NO ONE should got back into the house or business for any reason until the fire is completely extinguished and the officer in charge gives permission.
3. Fire Extinguishers
It is recommended to have multi-purpose fire extinguishers (Class ABC) should be available in the kitchen and each floor of the residence/business building.
Fire Extinguishers should be inspected by a qualified technician prior to expiration.
4. Candle Safety
Make sure any actively burning candles are kept away from children and pets.
If you have to travel, make sure to extinguished the candles before leaving the residence/business building.
Also, any wood log fire place or wood stove should be extinguished if no one is around to watch it.
A lot of building fires nationwide are due to candles and wood stoves left burning with no supervision.
5. Cook safely
Never leave cooking food unattended, whether if its in the oven or on the stove top.
Make sure all pan handles are turn inward so you do not bump into it or allowing kids to grab them.
Always educate your kids to stay away from the cooking area to prevent them getting hurt as well as starting a fire.
If a grease fire would start, never throw water onto it. Always place the lid over the pot/pan and if this is not feasible, use baking soda to extinguish it.
6. Electricity Safety Practice and Appliances
Never leave any appliances on unattended. They are machines and they can have defect that could potentially start a fire.
If there are any doubt that an appliance might have a defect that could possibly start a fire, is smoking, or has an unusual smell, then unplug the appliance then have a qualified service technician inspect and repair the appliance.
If you have more than two electrical items in an area and not enough receptacles, use an appropriate surge protector.
Fires from outlets usually start from people using multi-plugs in one outlet and overloads the circuit causing wires to melt and eventually ignite any combustible agent.
7. Matches and Lighters
Remember that matches and lighters are not toys. Please keep out the reach of children and educate your children that they are not to be played with at all.
Tell them if someone leaves a lighter or matches out, do not to touch them and tell an adult immediately. Instruct your children to get an adult if they see another child playing with matches or a lighter.
8. Burn treatment
There are 3 types of burns: 1ST degree (superficial) burn which consist of red skin to the area. Sunburn is a 1ST degree burn. Run cool water continuously over the burn for at least 15 minutes.
DO NOT USE BURN OINTMENT, BUTTER, OR OTHER CREAMS AND OINTMENTS because the oils will trap the heat in the skin making the burn worse. DO NOT USE ICE because it will not allow the heat to escape from the skin making the burn worse.
2ND degree (partial thickness) burn has a white, glossy look to the burn with blisters; could leak some drainage. Seek medical attention immediately.
3RD degree (full thickness) burn will have a "black" color characteristic to it. Seek medical attention immediately.
9. Stop, Drop, and Roll
If you would catch on fire, STOP what you are doing (if you run it will make the fire bigger), DROP to the ground and cover your face with your hand, and ROLL on the ground until the fire is out.
The primary air-medical service for UPMC operated by The Center for Emergency Medicine.